Guangdong Province, located in southeast China, occupies a land area of 178,000 sq km. Its islands add a further 1,600 sq km. To the south it meets the warm waters of the South China Sea along a coastline of 3,368 km. The Tropic of Cancer runs through the center of this low latitude province where the Pearl River, 2,122 km long, meets the sea. The fertile Pearl River Delta is rich in fish and rice.
It adjoins Wuling Mountains to the north and the South China Sea to the south, with a landscape sloping from north to south. It's mountainous in north, and in the south there are coastal plains, hills and tablelands. The deltas of the Pearl River and Han River are its chief plains. The West River, the North River and the East River, known as "the Peal River System", as well as Han River are Guangdong's main waterways. Its coastal line is long and zigzag with numerous offshore islands.
it has an area of more than 180,000 square kilometers.
Crossed by the Tropic of Cancer in the central part of its continental portion, tropical and sub-tropical Guangdong has a climate marked by high temperature and plentiful rainfall. It has the highest mean temperature of 28 degrees Celsius in July (the hottest month in a year) and 13 degrees Celsius in January (the coldest month in a year). The greater part of the province has a mean annual precipitation of about 1,500-2,000 mm. and 140-160 rainy days. The coastal regions are frequently visited by typhoons between July and August.
Guangdong cuisine, one of the Eight Great Cuisines, emphasizes seafood, and unique, mixed flavorings. It is divided into three branches: Guangdong food is traditional Guangdong cuisine; Chaozhou food is similar to Fujian cuisine because Chaozhou neighbors Fujian Province; and Dongjiang food, which is represented by Huizhou food, emphasizes domestic animals and poultry. The dietetic culture of Guangdong has retained many eating habits and customs of the ancient people, such as eating snakes. In short, to the people of Guangdong, everything that walks, crawls, flies, or swims is edible.
Yueju (Guangdong Opera), Chaoju (Chaozhou Opera), and Nanyin (a kind of local music)
At the end of the year 2005, the total population stood at 91.94 million.
What to see
Guangdong boasts many charming sceneries. Xinghu Lake in Zhaoqing, and Mt. Danxia in Renhua are the national major famous scenic areas.Mt. Dinghu in Zhaoqing, Yuexiu Hill, Qinghui Garden in Shunde,Keyuan Garden in Dongguan,Liangyuan Garden in Foshan, the newly built miniature landscape "Splendid China" and "China Folk Culture Villages" in Shenzhen,etc,are all attractive places. Dr.Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall in Guangzhou, the former residences of the celebrities in modern times, important sites and cemeteries are also well-known tourist spots.
Guangdong is the hometown of tropical and subtropical fruits and teas, such as banana Dongguan, orange in Chaozhou,lychee in Zengcheng and black tea in Yingde,etc.The handicraft articles, for example, embroidery, drawnwork, artistic porcelain, ivory carving, etc, are famous in China. Besides, Guangdong cuisine is also well-known both at home and abroad.