Zhuhai is situated in the southwest of the Pearl River Delta of Guangdong Province. It faces Hong Kong on the east across the Lingding Ocean, Macau on the south, Xinhui and Taishan on the west, and Zhongshan on the north. It is 150 kilometers away from Guangzhou. Zhuhai has jurisdiction over Xiangzhou District and Doumen County. Its longitude is between 113.3 and 114.18 degrees east, and its latitude is between 21.48 and 22.27 degrees north.
It covers an area of 1,300 square kilometers.
It has a population of 1.33 million.
Zhuhai has a subtropical monsoon climate. The city enjoys adequate sunshine and rainfall. The annual average temperature is 22.4 degrees celsius. The temperature in January and February is the lowest. The temperature rises in April. From May to September it gets relatively hotter and more rainfall. The annual average precipitation is 1,700 to 2,300 millimeters. East wind blows all the year. However, southeast wind dominates in the summer and northeast wind dominates in the winter. In summer and autumn, typhoon hits the city. The average relative air humidity is 79%.
Zhuhai became an independent city in 1979, a year before it was named as one of the first Special Economic Zones (SEZ). The neighboring city of Shenzhen became the first Special Economy Zone in 1978. The implementation of this policy is logical as Zhuhai is located on the strategic position facing Macau, in the identical fashion to the Shenzhen SEZ facing to Hong Kong. This enabled the Chinese Central Government to open another "window" in front of Macau. Even though the city finds its place at the southern end of the Pearl River Delta area, Zhuhai is granted to act as one of the central cities in the Pearl River Delta according to the new general urban plan approved by the State Council. The implementation of Special Economy Zone means that the city will grow as a powerful modern port city, science and education city, scenic and tourism city, and as a regional hub for transportation. The outstanding geographic location, a wide range of supporting infrastructures and a deep-water port serve as a big magnet for foreign capital. Indeed, the utilized foreign investment reached US$ 0.94 billion in 2002. Among the top 500 enterprises worldwide, 19 of them have investment projects in Zhuhai such as EssoMobil, British Petroleum, Siemens, Carrefour and Matsushita. Hong Kong is still the largest foreign investor in Zhuhai accounting for 22% of total utilized foreign investment in 2002.
History of Zhuhai
The unearthed cultural relics prove that our ancestors have lived and multiplied on this land early in the Neolithic Age 4,000 years ago. In the Tang Dynasty (618-907), Xiangshan Town was established in 757, which was subordinate to Dongguan County. In the Northern Song Dynasty (550-577) Xiangshan Town became a salt producer and thus had the nickname of Xiangshan Salt Workshop. In the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), the four seaside counties of Nanhai, Panyu, Xinhui and Dongguan were incorporated into one county named Xiangshan in 1152. In 1953, Zhuhai County was set up, which was the amalgamation of Xiangshan, Wanshan Archipelago, Sanzao Island and Dangan Archipelago. In 1979, Zhuhai County was changed to be Zhuhai Municipality. In 1980, Zhuhai became a special economic zone.
Reputation of Zhuhai
Zhuhai is a garden-like seaside tourist city, where flowers blossom all year round. In 1999, it was granted ''International Award for Best Practices in Improving the Living Environment'' by United Nations Center for Human Settlement and was the only winner of the award in China. Besides, it won series of titles such as ''Top Tourist City of China'', ''State Garden Green City'', ''State Environmental Protection Model City'' and ''State Hygienic City''. In 2000, Zhuhai was granted the title of ''National Level Ecology Demonstration Zone'' by the Sate Administration of Environmental Protection.