Jiangxi, also called "Gan" for short, is one of China's inland provinces. It is located in the southeastern part of the country, on the southern bank of the Yangtze River, between 24.29 and 30.04 degrees north latitude and 113.34 and 118.28 degrees east longitude. It borders Zhejiang and Fujian in the east, Guangdong in the south, Hunan in the west and Hubei and Anhui in the north.
It covers a total area of 166,900 square kilometers.
At the end of the year2005, the total population stood at 43.112 million.
Jiangxi has a warm and humid climate with cold springs and winters, hot summers and dry autumns thus accounting for its four distinct seasons. Annual rainfall averages 1400-1800 millimeters and the average temperature of the province is 3 to 9 degrees Celsius in January and 27 to 31 degrees Celsius in July.
The Geography of Jiangxi is dominated by mountainous and hilly land, with mountains covering 36% of the province's total territory, hills, 42%. The remaining 22% is composed of plains and waters. Most of its mountains lie on the provincial borders. Mount Huaiyu in the northeast has the province's largest copper reserve; Wuyi Mountain, a World Cultural Heritage site, lies in the eastern part; the Dageng Ridge and Jiulian Mountain in the south are known as the "capital of tungsten"; in the west there is the Luoxiao Mountain; and in the northwest lie the mountains of Mufu and Jiuling.
Jiangxi Natural Resource
Jiangxi has abundant mineral resources. Of the 150 known minerals, more than 140 have been found in Jiangxi. 59% of Jiangxi's territory is covered with forest. Its timber reserve amounts to 250 million cubic meters, in addition to 1 billion plants of bamboo, both figures taking leading positions in the country. The province boasts more than 4,000 species of seed plants, some 470 types of pteridophyte and over 100 types of bryophyte. The good ecological environment characterized with rich water resource, changing topographies and wide coverage of vegetation ensures Jiangxi's abundance in wildlife. Fish and birds, large in number of species, have great economic value and therefore have the priority for protection.
What to see
Poyang Lake, which is not only the biggest fresh water lake in China, but also the largest winter habitat for white cranes. Mt. Lushan, a wonderful summer resort with its lush mountains, enveloping clouds and mists, rapid streams and numerous deep pools and waterfalls. Another mountain - Jinggangshan enjoys a dual reputation. It is more widely known as the cradle of the Chinese revolution rather than for its natural beauty, which is, in fact, comparable to the more famous Lu Shan.
The highlight of Jiangxi travel should be Jingdezhen, which is known as the 'Capital of Porcelain' in China. Ceramics were produced here as early as 1,800 years ago in the Eastern Han Dynasty. Today, Jingdezhen remains a national center for porcelain production. While in this ancient town, tourists can visit many pottery factories and ancient kiln sites. In addition, Jiangxi is one of the ancient tea-producing areas in China. The Black Tea produced in Ningzhou City and the Green Tea produced in Wuyuan City are well-known throughout China.