Liaoning Province, situated in the south of Northeast China, lies at 181.53 to 125.46 degree east longitude, and 38.43 to 43.26 degree north latitude. Liaoning is in a temperate zone and adjoins Jilin and Hebei provinces and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and is bordered along the Yalu River by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK).
It has a total area of more than 145,900 square kilometers.
Total population: 42.1 million Natural growth rate: 1.07 per thousand in 2003.
The coastline of Liaoning Province is 2,178 kilometers long - nearly 12 percent of China's total. The hilly regions in east Liaoning are the main area for forest. Adjoining the long, narrow costal plains (usually called the Liaoxi Corridor) is the main road for Northeast China, linking with North China. Liaohe Plain in Central Liaoning, as a part of the Northeastern China Plain, has sedimentary deposits from the Liaohe River and other tributaries. The plain has abundant water and fertile soil, and is the main farming area and commodity grain base in Liaoning Province.
Liaoning has a temperate continental monsoonal climate, with a hot, rainy summer; a long, cold winter with little snow; and a short, windy spring. It has a mean annual temperature of 6-11 degrees Celsius, and a mean annual precipitation of 400-1,000 mm.
Shenyang Laobian Jiaozi (a dumpling with minced pork and vegetable stuffing), smoked-pork cake, baked bear's paw (mostly not real bear's paw but substitute), hot-pot, smoked chicken, etc.
Acrobatics and the "Grand Yang Ko" dance in the form of stilt, dragon lantern, lion dance, and land boat, etc.
What to see
In Shenyang, Liaoning's capital city, there is a Manchu version of the Forbidden City known as the Shenyang Imperial Palace. The emperors that built the Imperial Palace also built their burial sites in Shenyang: Fuling Tomb also called the East Tomb; and Zhaoling Tomb, also called the North Tomb. Emperor Nurhachi and his mistress are buried in Fuling Tomb. A third tomb, Yongling Tomb, completes the famous tomb group known as the 'three tombs outside of the Great Wall'. During a fight with the gods who were trying to stop her, the beautiful cloud embroidered leaves fell to earth at Shenyang and became green hills that the people named Qianlianshan (Thousand Lotuses Mountain). Within 45 square kilometers (17 square miles) of Benxi Water Cave National Park, there are six areas of particular interest: Mount Miaohou, Mount Tiecha, Mount Guanmen, the Spa Temple, Tanggou Valley, and the Water Cave.
Liaoning has long been known as "the Home of Apple", among the great varieties, ¡ãGouguang¡ã apple is the most famous. Pear in west Liaoning, peach in Dalian, etc, are also famous fruits. The handicraft articles, such as jade carving in Xiuyan, shell carving in Dalian, black amber carving in Fushun, tussah silk in Dandong, etc, enjoy good fame in China.