Located to the southeast of the Chinese mainland opposite Fujian Province, the island province of Taiwan is flanked by the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Taiwan Straits to the west. Taiwan includes Taiwan Island, the Penghu Islands and 80 other smaller neighboring islands and islets. Taiwan was called Yizhou or Liuqiu in ancient times.
Covering an area of 36,000 square kilometers.
It possesses a population of 22.84million.
Because of the Tropic of Cancer passing through the province, it enjoys a tropic and subtropic climate characterized by the hot, rainy and windy weather. The annual mean temperature is 22 degrees Celsius and the annual precipitation is more than 2400 mm.
Taiwan Island is the largest in China. It is dominated by mountainous and hilly areas which occupy 2/3 of its total land. Mts.Yushan, known as "the Roof of the Treasured Island," is the highest mountain in the province, with elevation of 3997 metres above sea level. The terraced tablelands and alluvial plains are found along the western part of the island.
Records of Chinese people developing Taiwan in earlier periods are found in many historical documents. Beginning from the mid 12th century, the Chinese governments of different dynasties set up administrative bodies to exercise jurisdiction over Taiwan. The social development of Taiwan continued according to Chinese cultural traditions even during its occupation by Japan after the war of 1894. The Chinese government restored its administrative organs in Taiwan Province after victory in the War of Resistance Against Japan in 1945. On the eve of the founding of the PRC in 1949, the Kuomintang authorities retreated from the mainland to Taiwan. In 1950, the Korean War broke out, and the Untied States dispatched its Seventh Fleet to invade Taiwan and the Taiwan Straits. In 1954, the government of the United States and the Taiwan authorities signed a ¡°Mutual Defense Treaty,¡± bringing about the separation of Taiwan from the mainland.
What to see
Taiwan is an island located in the Pacific Ocean , once named "Formosa" meaning Beautiful island. Taiwan's central mountain range has some of the tallest peaks in Asia. Jade Mountain is taller than Japan's Mount Fuji. The capital of Taiwan is Taipei, where MTC is located. Within a day's trip travelers can visit Kenting National Park at the far south of the island, Alishan and Sun Moon Lake in Central Taiwan or Taroko Gorge on the East Coast. Taiwan is also famous for it's many night markets and active temples , especially Snake Alley and the Lungshan Temple. If all the traveling wears you out , stop in at one of Taiwan's many natural hot springs for some rest and relaxation.
The Executive Yuan's decisions: December 25, 1945: 8 counties of Taipei, Hsinchu, Taichung, Tainan, Kaohsiung, Hualien, Taitung, and Penghu 9 provincial cities: Taipei, Keelung, Hsinchu, Taichung, Changhua, Chiayi, Tainan, Kaohsiung, and Pintung. 2 county-controlled cities: Hualien and Yilan August 16, 1950: 16 counties: all existing ones 8 provincial cities: reduced Chiayi a county-controlled city December 1, 1951: 5 provincial cities: reduced Hsinchu, Changhua, and Pintung to county-controlled cities 1967: Taipei became the first Taiwanese municipality November 11, 1967: All county seats (originally towns) upgraded to county-controlled cities. 1979: Kaohsiung became the second Taiwanese municipality July 1, 1982: 2 new provincial cities: Hsinchu and Chiayi (approved on April 23, 1981)
Tea is an important part of Taiwanese life. It is made from the most tender leaves of tea plants. The differences in the Taiwanese teas available are a result of the methods used to process the leaves. The length of the time taken for roasting and fermentation changes the colour and taste of the tea.